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Construction Basics

Types of construction projects
Types of construction projects

A construction project mainly involves the assembling the construction materials to make up a finished structure. Various materials can be used, depending on the type of construction you intend to put up. There are multiple activities involved in construction. They include preparing the site, laying the foundations, mechanical work, electrical activities among other activities. Here are the various construction projects available in the industry.

Residential houses

One of the construction projects includes construction of residential houses. They include houses, apartments, amongst others. The architects and engineers will handle the designing of the house, while the actual building is undertaken by the builder. Installation of electricity, mechanical services and other specific works is sublet to the specialized personnel. The builders need to ensure that the building complies with the local building requirements.

Institutions and commercial building

Commercial and the institutional buildings will range in sizes and designs. This is a project that might take a longer time to complete, bearing in mind the likes of hospitals, varsities, mall and much more. If you need to undertake this kind of project, ensure that you have hired a qualified engineer to handle supervision work in the right way. However, this kind of projects will take a long time to be started, since they cost a lot and are not often put up. This is unlike the residential construction projects that take minimum time to construction but are multiple projects.


Industrial construction projects are mainly meant for profit generation industries. Companies such as power generators, production companies amongst others are majorly involved in the construction industry. Other industrial construction projects will include large constructions for companies dealing with nuclear plants, plants processing chemicals, amongst others.

Highway construction

This mainly involves activities in efforts to reconstruct roads, repair, and construction of new roads. This will also include smaller projects such as the construction of alleys, paths, parking spaces and much more. These projects are mainly spear headed by the construction projects.

Heavy construction projects

This type of construction does not either fall on the building or the highway building. These are projects that are meant to be constructions of sewer lines, water lines, dams, sewer treatment facilities, flood control areas and dredging projects amongst others.

Choosing accredited and certified South Africa builders to have the best of our construction taken care of will be a great way to ensure the right procedures have been followed. Get the best for your construction project, and ensure you have reliable information from the construction solicitor of your choice.

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How to avoid hazards in construction projects
How to avoid hazards in construction projects

Working in a construction site might expose your body to various hazards. This exposure is as a result of the various chemicals available in a construction site. These substances will cause serious health problems; therefore, caution has to be taken. Avoiding such an exposure will also help to prevent chronic and acute illnesses. Failure to protect yourself may lead to further risks, as illness might cause drowsiness which might lead to falls or other serious accidents. Here are some of the ways to avoid hazards in construction sites.


Assessing the risk at which the workers are exposed to is one way to avoid hazards in a construction site. Assessment includes determining if the exposure to various construction substances can cause any kind of harm. This includes assessing the air concentration and the fumes, dust and the vapors generated from the construction. Ventilations are also considered, if they are working effectively towards attaining their roles of controlling contaminations.
Assessing if the workers are at a higher risk of getting physical contacts with the irritant substances, exposure to radiation, heat and noise, and ergonomic factors will also aid to control hazards in a construction site.

Protective gear

Having the right protective gear to cover the eyes, skin, ears and the nose is important for every worker in a construction site. Once the workers have the right protective suites, ensure that they are well taken care of. Also, consider choosing the suites for individuals to ensure the right fit for everyone. User training is important, along with providing information on the importance of the protective clothes one has to wear. Proper cleaning is also advisable and proper care for every protective item.

Information on construction properties

Some of the construction properties are more hazardous and will require having experience on how to handle them. For instance, asbestos is very dangerous and would cause one health implications. For this reason, it is proper for the Western Cape builders to be educated on various building materials, and how they should best be handled. This will reduce the risk of having hazardous accidents in the construction sites.

Medical checks

Medical checks can be the best way to assess the health of all the construction workers. This means that the workers need to get checked for various health related complications that might arise. This enables you to curb any disease or identify various pollutions taking place this will be helpful to other construction workers, since they are able to identify the pollution. The examinations should be periodic, and should be performed by a qualified medical practitioner.

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